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Clinical Application

Versatility of an 810nm Diode Laser in Dentistry

Keywords: laser; diode; diode lasers; dentistry; soft tissue; 810 nm

The breakthrough for dental laser systems came in the mid 1990's. Among the various laser types with
corresponding wavelengths, diode laser systems quickly began establishing themselves as compact,
competitively priced and versatile additions to the dentist's repertoire, predominantly for performing soft
tissue applications. Research has shown that near infrared (NIR) wavelengths are ideally suited for
numerous soft tissue procedures due to their high absorption in hemoglobin. This fact gives NIR laser
the ability to precisely and efficiently cut, coagulate, ablate or vaporize the target tissue. The added
advantage of laser performed surgical procedures is the sealing of small blood and lymphatic vessels, resulting in hemostasis and reduced post-operative edema, disinfection of target tissue due to local heating and production of eschar layer and decreased amount of scarring due to decreased post-operative tissue
shrinkage. Among the available NIR wavelengths, research has shown the wavelengths around 810 nm to
be one of the most versatile with regard to the number of possible treatment options, as this wavelength range can be effectively used in the field of soft tissue surgery, periodontics, endodontics, implantology and
tooth whitening. The versatility of the instrument, combined with the latest achievements in diode laser technology, compact design and affordability, should appeal to dental professionals seeking to optimize the
procedures they currently perform and expand the number of services they offer.

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